Aquaponics is an integrated farming method in which both land and water farming practices are combined together.
Aquaponics cultivation method
It is a method of growing fish and vegetables together. This requires a tank filled with water for growing fish and a tray for growing vegetable seedlings.
In 1860, the German scientist Julius Sachs discovered that plants could grow without soil.
Water-insoluble granite or chakri can place at the bottom of the tray.It also has the advantage that the soil is not used at all for planting vegetables. The vegetables produced through aquaponics are unique in that they are completely organic.
Excess of ammonia in the water can produce by the excretion of fish deposited in the tank. This ammonia-filled water deliver to the vegetable seedlings through special chambers. Nitrosomana bacteria that grow between the gills when given a lot of air convert ammonia into nitrogen.
Nitro buck converts nitrogen to nitrate. Vegetables will grow well with this diet. Good production is also available. The purified water can drain back into the tank. Fish are able to stay healthy in fresh water where ammonia has been removed.
Advantages of aquaponics
Waterponics can grow more fish in a small space.
All types of vegetables required for a home can grow in a waterponics manner in conjunction with aquaculture.
Mint, mustard, salad cucumber, soybean, broccoli, spinach, tomato, green chillies, black pepper, lentils and agave are all found to give good yields.
Another feature of this method is that it prolongs the life of the plants instead of the usual method of drying the plants after harvesting.