vertical farming in india
Climate change, the shortcoming to adapt to the pace of the new age, and scarcity of land are a number of the foremost challenges facing traditional farming methods.
Innovative farming methods with the assistance of recent science and technology are needed to confirm that the survival process of agriculture.
Vertical farming or vertical farming method.
Vertical farming is cultivating and producing crops/ plants in vertically stacked layers and vertically inclined surfaces. It’s a steep cultivation using only less land for more production.
Controlled Environmental Agriculture is that the cornerstone of vertical farming.
Vertical farming is not a new idea. Local people in South America have long used vertically layered food growing techniques and the rice terraces of East Asia follow a similar principle.
In 1915, the American geologist Gilbert Bailey introduced an idea for cultivating high-rise buildings. The foremost notable of those is that the Vertical Farm, a 30-story, 50,000-acre agricultural farm that was introduced by microbiologist Dixon Desmopier. He presented a model of chickens and fish on the lower floors and vegetable crops on the upper floors.
Types of vertical farming
Building-based vertical farms
Abandoned buildings are often reused for vertical farming. New builds are sometimes also constructed to house vertical farming systems.
Shipping-container vertical farms
Recycled shipping containers are an increasingly popular option for housing vertical farming systems.By stacking the shipping containers, farms can save space even further and achieve higher yield per square foot.
They are built from refurbished underground tunnels or abandoned mind shafts. As temperature and humidity underground are generally temperate and constant, deep farms require less energy for heating.
Temperature and humidity in underground are usually consistent and mild, and so, deep farms require less energy for heating. They can also use groundwater (which is nearby) to further reduce the cost of water supply.
Feasibility of vertical farming in India
India is one of the largest producer of vegetables, fruits and many other agricultural
commodities. In India, vertical farming has been introduced. ICAR experts are working on
the concept of ‘vertical farming’ in soil-less conditions which helps in growing food crops can be grown even on multi-storeyed buildings in metros.(like New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai without using soil or pesticides.)
Scientists at the Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya in Nadia have already had initial success in working on vertical farming hydroponically on a small scale. They had found initial success in growing brinjal and tomato. Punjab also has been succeeding in producing potatoes through vertical farming.
Ideafarms, an Indian design-in-tech company is producing Vertical farms grow and is
preferred because their food is organic. Also, of high quality and the supply is predictable..
Bengaluru based startup Greenopiais selling kits with smart self-watering pots, enriched
soil and the right seeds. The sensor-embedded pots replenish moisture in the soil on a need basis.And notify when you need to refill water externally.
These modern farming methods not only function a future farming method, but also assist to make sure the availability of food in space.
Vertical farming, which may produce more in less space,it could be a viable thanks to lead a family to food self-sufficiency. Not only that, but we will ensure a food self-sufficient future if local governments and city councils can develop a vertical farming culture by taking proper measures and planning.